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ACT改错题如何做详解

  从内容上看,这部分考试主要考察学生对英语掌握的2个方面:一是以单词、单句为单位,考察学生基本的词汇能力(能否根据不同的语境区分近义词的使用、不啰嗦等)和语法应用能力(名词和动词、句子结构、句子个部分关系等);二是以段落和文章为单位,考察学生的修辞能力和理解力(段落之间的衔接、文章主题的把握和改善等)。前者题目略多于后者。

  例如:

  例1:

  How old am I?

  Many people might be surprised to learn that the Americanway of computing a person’s age differs from the traditional Korean way. InKorean tradition, a person is considered to be already one year after old atthe time of his or her birth.

  As a child growing up in two countries, I found this contest(1)a bit confusing. ……

  A.no change

  B.change

  C.dispute

  D.difference

  此题的答案是D选项。这句话是说作者对两国之间对人们年龄的不同计数方法的“**”感到不解。这个“**”指的应该是作者在上面一段提到的内容,其中作者用了“differ from”来描述两者之间的关系,所以它们之间的应该是“difference”。

  例2-3:

  Ligia

  At the end of the year, Ligia had gone(2) home to Colombia.This year I’m busy with senior activities and with a part-time job. I’m, tryingto save enough to go see my new sister nest year. 3

  2.A. no change

  B. will have gone

  C. went

  D. goes

  3.Which of the following true sentences, if inserted here, would best concludethe essay as well as maintain the positive tone established earlier in theessay?

  F. I’mafraid of flying, but I think I’ll be OK.

  G. I’meager to eventually join the workforce fulltime.

  H. I’vebeen practicing my Spanish – and my dance steps.

  J.Senior activities are o lot of fun.

  例2的正确答案是C选项。这是一道考察句子中动词时态的题目。这个句子描述的是那一年的年底发生的事(at the end of the year),所以应该是一般过去时态。

  例3的正确答案是H选项。这是一篇文章的最后一段,在这篇文章中,作者讲述了自己和一个来自哥伦比亚的交换学生(Ligia)一起生活、学习的愉快经历。Ligia寄住在作者家中,教作者西班牙语和跳舞,他们还一起学习法语,结下了深厚的友谊。在本段,Ligia结束了在美国的生活,回到了自己的国家,作者表达了对她的思念。由于是描述愉快的经历,整篇文章的叙述都是欢快而喜悦的。