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ACT阅读中的基本题型

  就题材而言,ACT阅读材料分4类:小说(prose fiction)、社会科学(social sciences)、人文(humanities)、自然科学(natural sciences)。其中,小说来自英美作家作品的节选。社会科学取材于人类学、考古学、传记、经济、教育、地理、历史、政治、心理学等。人文类文章多涉及建筑学、艺术、舞蹈、电影、文学评论、传记、音乐、随笔、哲学、电视等。自然科学类一般包括天文学、生物学、化学、地质学、医学、物理学等方面的内容。

  直接事实题:

  此类题目一般是就文中所提供的信息进行直接提问,需要考生找到正确的对应处,并作同义转换。

  原文: “The revisionist interpretation, which I support, does not enshrine dinosaurs as paragons of intellect, but it does maintain that they were not small brained after all. They had the “right-sized” brains for reptiles of their body size.”

  译文:我所支持的修正主义者的解释,就是不把恐龙视为智力的模范,但是也主张他们毕竟不是小脑。对他们这种身形的爬行动物来说,他们的脑的大小正好合适。

  题目:According to the passage, what is the revisionist interpretation concerning the relationship between intelligence and physical size­

  A. Dinosaurs actually had relatively large brains.

  B. Dinosaurs were paragons of intellect.

  C. Dinosaurs were relatively small brained.

  D. Dinosaurs’ brains were appropriately sized.

  举例作用题:

  此类题目就文中的例子进行提问,需要考生回答此例子在文中所起的作用。

  原文: “Government is so technical that even career civil servants cannot explain what is happening. In 1978 I attended a seminar on federal estate and gift tax, where the Internal Revenue Service lawyers responsible for this area frankly confessed that they did not understand the Tax Reform Act of 1976.”

  译文:政府是如此的有技术含量以至于甚至连公务员都不能解释正在发生着什么。1978年,我出席了一个联邦资产税收的研讨会,在这里负责的美国国内税局的律师坦白地承认到,他们不明白1976年的税收改革法案。

  题目:The author uses the description of the tax seminar in 1978 to make the point that some governmental issues are:

  A. so technical that not even career civil servants can understand them.

  B. so technical that only career civil servants can understand them.

  C. more technical than they used to be before the passage of the Tax Reform Act.

  D. too technical for anyone other than an Internal Revenue Service tax lawyer to understand.