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ACT科学测试所包含的内容(中英文对照)

ACT科学测试的内容(Content Covered by the ACT Science Test ACT)包括生物学、化学、物理和地球/太空科学(例如地质学、天文学、气象学)在这些问题上学生不需要具备非常高深的知识,但是一些科学常识是必备的,回答这些问题需要上过基本的科学课程即可。该测试强调整体上要具有科学推理的技能以及数学技能或者阅读技能。科学信息有三种布同的表达形式。

The content of the Science Test includes biology, chemistry, physics, and the Earth/space sciences (for example, geology, astronomy, and meteorology.) Advanced knowledge in these subjects is not required, but knowledge acquired in general, introductory science courses is needed to answer some of the questions. The test emphasizes scientific reasoning skills over recall of scientific content, skill in mathematics, or reading ability. The scientific information is conveyed in one of three different formats.

数据(38%)。以这种形式显示的图形和表格类似于在科学期刊和文本中所展示的一样。以这种形式出现的问题用来考查学生诸如图表阅读、解释散点图和信息图表的技能。

Data Representation (38%). This format presents graphic and tabular material similar to that found in science journals and texts. The questions associated with these format measure skills such as graph reading, interpretation of scatter plots, and interpretation of information presented in tables.

研究摘要(45%)。这种形式的题型提供一个或多个相关实验的描述。这些问题侧重于实验的设计以及对实验结果的解释。

Research Summaries (45%). This format provides descriptions of one or more related experiments. The questions focus upon the design of experiments and the interpretation of experimental results.

有争议的观点(17%)。通过这种题型介绍一些假设或观点,根据不同的场景或不完整的数据来和另一种假设或观点做出区分。问题侧重于对不同观点或假设的理解、分析和比较。

Conflicting Viewpoints (17%). This format presents expressions of several hypotheses or views that, being based on differing premises or on incomplete data, are inconsistent with one another. The questions focus upon the understanding, analysis, and comparison of alternative viewpoints or hypotheses.

以上就是ACT科学测试的内容,我们介绍了三种题型,包括数据(38%)、研究摘要(45%)、有争议的观点(17%)。